I
Am a
  
 

 Mathematician 
–  

 The Later Life of a Prodigy

An autobiographical account of
the mature years and career of
 
ò


,


. .


 Norbert Wiener  
 Professor of Mathematics
of The Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
and a continuation of the account
of his childhood in Ex-Prodigy.
 
 Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1956
Garden City, New York
  «»

 -  
  1967
 




3
5
1. 9
2. . 192038
3. . 1920–192566
4. . 84
5. .  106
6. . 1927–1931120
7. 143
8. . 1932–1933160
9. . 1933–1935168
10.. 178
11. . 1936–1939199
12. . 1940–1945213
13.. 1944265
14. , . 1942–282
15., , . 1946–1952301
16.. 1953325
17.341
350

 HTML- (222 )   TXT- (182 ) 



, (Hadamard, Jacques) 62–63, 115–116, 186, 189–191, 195, 321

, . . (Alexander J. W.) 20, 90

(Ampère) 308

(Artin) 153

(Bhabha) 335

, (Vallarta, Manuel Sandoval) 87, 107, 165–166, 197, 261, 265, 267, 330

(Bigelow) 230–231, 236–237, 241–242

(Banach, Stefan)    , 54–55, 58, 87

, . (Barnett, I.) 29–30, 169

, . (Barnum, Fineas T.) 61

, (Berger, Hans) 305

(Beurling) 304

, (Bernard, Claude) 280

(Bisonette) 157

(Bierwirth) 41

, . . (Birkhoff, G. D.) 20–22, 34–36, 80, 108, 110, 112, 124, 138, 208, 270

, (Blake, John) 325

, (Blaschke, Wilhelm) 152–153

, (Bodet, Torres) 269

(Bose) 337

(Boltzmann) 311

, (Bohr, Niels) 100, 117, 291

, (Bohr, Harald) 87–88, 115, 117, 128, 304

, (Born, Max) 103, 104, 107

(Bolyai) 45

(Breigel) 307

(Brower) 307

(Bouligand, G.) 86–87, 89, 305, 321

(Bourbaki) 303–304

, (Bush, Vannevar) 107–108, 129, 131–135, 137–138, 174, 184–185, 218–219, 221, 226, 229, 282, 308

(Babbage) 132, 254

-, (Vallee Poussin de la) 115, 116

(Vanzetti) 128

, (Veblen, Oswald) 20, 35, 108, 170, 215

, (Weyl, Hermann) 170, 172, 187

, (Verne, Jules) 258

(Vijayaraghavan) 334–335

II (Wilhelm II) 40

. . (Wilson, E. .) 66

, (Wiener, Bertha) 25, 84–85, 89, 113

, (Wiener, Constance) 25, 84–85, 119

, (Wiener, Leo) 9–11, 22, 38–41, 113–114, 160, 161, 203, 209–210, 341–343

, (Wiener, Margaret) 79, 81, 106–109, 111–115, 117, 118, 121, 122, 125, 138, 141–142, 145, 148, 153–154, 156–158, 160, 190, 192, 194–197, 199, 202, 204, 210, 281, 307, 320–323

, (Wintner, Aurel) 207, 215

, (Hahn, Otto) 153

á, á (Gándara, Nápoles) 268

(Gâteaux) 30, 59

(Gauss) 45

ø (Gödel) 153, 310

, (Heisenberg, Werner) 102–104, 231

(Heine) 205

ø (Hölder) 207

ø (Goethe) 40

, (Gibbs, Josiah Willard) 16, 28–29, 33–34, 66, 99, 138, 208, 243, 245, 248, 309, 311

, (Hilbert, David) 17, 91–92, 103–104, 170, 187

(Gilbreth) 299

, (Hitler, Adolf) 168, 200–201

, (Greenhill, George) 61

, (Guggenheim, John Simon) 90, 106, 270

, . . (Daniell, P. J.) 30, 85

(Darvin) 10

, (Deutsch, Karl) 7

93

, . (Jackson, D.) 66, 68, 72

, (Johnson, Osa) 64

, (George, Clare) 121

, (Dickson, Leonard Eugene) 61

, (Dirac, Paul) 104

, (Drake, Francis) 149

(Dreyfus) 190

, (Douglas, Jesse) 199–200, 203

(Dufèze) 322

(Euclid) 45, 47

(Janet) 10, 204

, (Jordan, Camille) 61–62

(Zaremba) 77, 86

, (Siegel, Armand) 7, 105, 337, 349

(Ibsen) 109, 304

(Jessen) 304

, (Ikehara, Shikao) 129, 176, 178–179

(Ingham) 110–111, 214–215

(Yoshida) 178

(Kakutani) 179, 215

(Calvin) 272

, (Cameron, Robert) 174–175

, E. P. (van Kampen, E. R.) 208

, . . 151

(Carleman) 304

(Carnegy) 107

(Cartwright) 147–149

, (Kauer, Richard) 138

, . . (Kellogg, . D.) 74, 77–80

ʸ (Koebe) 154

(Kingsley) 10

, . P. (Kline, J. R.) 110, 113, 124, 169–170

, (Klein. Felix) 23, 24, 91, 109

(Cockroft) 150

(Caldwell) 229

142, 249–250, 311

, (Compton, Karl Taylor) 136–137, 199, 209

, (Korlis, Janet) 121

, (Korlis, Louis) 121

(Kosambi) 335

(Cauchy) 62

(Cramer) 59, 250

, (Kreuger, Ivar) 127

, . . 249–250

(Krishnan) 338

(Ku) 176, 192

(Coolidge) 126

, (Koopman, Bernard) 34, 208

, (Courant, Richard) 90–91, 103, 109–110, 112, 202

(Kierkegaard) 311, 314

, (Cannon, Walter) 165–166, 241, 280

, (Caton, Richard) 305

(Lagrange) 207

, (Landau, Edmund) 17, 131

(Laplace) 207

(Laënnec) 272

(Lebesgue) 15–16, 27, 30, 34, 86–87, 138

(Levengoek) 93–94

, (Lévy, Paul) 36, 59, 85, 250, 304

, (Levinson, Norman) 175–176, 202–203, 218, 243

(Leibnitz) 30, 75, 95–97, 314, 345

(Lemaître) 197

(Leonardo da Vinci) 154

, (Lefschetz, Solomon) 61

, (Lee, Yuk Wing) 129–131, 138, 147, 176, 180–182, 184, 188–190, 208–209, 213, 261–263, 278

, . . (Littlewood. J. .) 16–17, 111, 148–149, 162

, (Lichtenstein, Leon) 88–90, 159, 168–169, 200, 207

, . . 45

, . . (Lawrence, D. .) 150

, . . (Lowell, A. L.) 52, 209

(Michelson) 99, 278, 279

(Muckenhoupt) 128

, (McLaurin, Richard) 135, 137

(Maxwell) 97–99, 207, 311

(Maximilian) 268

, (Malin, Henry) 175–176

, (Mandelbrojt, Szolem) 186–187, 191, 195, 303–304, 320

(Margain) 268

(Marconi) 67

, . . (Martin, W. .) 174–175

(Masani) 335–336

(Masaryk) 153–154

(Mountbatten) 329

(Mahalanobis) 337

(Mei) 176

, (Menger, Karl) 152–153, 170

̸ (Möbius) 19

(Mejia) 268

(Mises) 153, 202

(Michelangelo) 347

(Montemar) 268

(Morse) 172

, (Morison, Robert) 275

(Morley) 99

, (Morris, William) 298

(Maugham) 193

, . . . (Moore, . L. .) 25

(Murnaghan) 273

, (Muscio, Bernard) 50, 59

, (Murray, Forrest) 60, 63

, . (Neumann, J., von) 34, 104, 170, 187, 202, 208, 230, 247

Hepy (Nehru) 330, 340

͸, (Noether, Emmy) 158, 170

(Ni) 182

, (Nichols, Ernest) 136

(Nørlund) 118

(Newton) 21, 28, 30, 246, 255

(Olvera) 270–271

, (Onnes, Kamnerlingh) 151

(Orozco) 273, 274

, . . (Osgood, W. F.) 23, 24

(Ostrowski) 304

, (Pasteur, Louis) 190

, (Pauli, Wolfgang) 104

(Perrin) 33–34

(Pythagorus) 70, 100

, (Planck, Max) 92, 99, 100

(Plancherel) 72, 304

(Pólya) 169–170, 177

, (Poincaré, Henri) 21, 36, 187

(Paley) 148, 157, 159, 162–165, 168, 172, 173, 185–187, 302

(Rademacher) 169

, (Weight, Frank Lloyd) 178

, . . (Raman, . V.) 330, 332, 335

, (Ramos, García) 269–270

, (Russell, Bertrand) 13, 14, 18–19, 44–47, 148, 310

(Rutherford) 18

, (Raisbeck, Gordon) 319

, (Reuther, Walter) 296, 297

(Rembrandt) 121

(Renou) 193, 194

, (Rivera, Diego) 271–272

(Riemann) 116

, . . . (Richardson, R. G. D.) 125, 140

, (Rosenblueth, Arturo) 165–167, 241, 257, 265–267, 271–276, 279, 281, 306–307, 312, 315, 324

, (Royce, Josiah) 46

, (Root, Babe) 148

(Saccheri) 45

(Sacco) 128

, (Sarabhai, Vikram) 330–332

(Sartre) 321

Cac (Szász) 169

, (Saslaw, Samuel) 175

(Swift) 93–96

(Szegö) 169–170, 177

(Serveto) 272

(Szilard) 202, 291

(Smoluchowski) 33

, . (Steinmetz, Charles P.) 69

, (Steyn, Jan) 307

(Stone) 215

(Strindberg) 304

, (Struik, Dirk Jan) 120, 121, 129, 268

, (Straton, Wesley) 136

, (Tagore, Rabindranath) 337

, X. . (Tyler, . W.) 25

, . . 125, 126, 140, 141, 172

(Tennison) 260

, (Tesla, Nikola) 68

, . . 13

(Turing) 302

, . . (Taylor, G. I.) 31, 36

, . (Taylor, James S.) 60–61, 63

, . . (Wildes, . S.) 208, 209

, (Whitehead, Alfred North) 20, 44, 46, 50

, (Whitehead, Jessie) 50, 146

, (Weaver, Warren) 237, 275

, (Wiesner, Jerome) 276

, (Walter, Grey) 305–306

(Walton) 150

, (Walsch, Joe) 60, 61, 63

, (Wells, Herbert) 196, 258

, . (Farnsworth, Dana L.) 7

(Fermi) 202, 291

, (Phillips, Henry Bayard) 27, 28, 86, 127

, . . (Finch, G. I.) 332

, (Frank, Philip) 152, 153

, (Franklin, Philip) 74

, . (Frege, G.) 48

(Freud) 204–205

(Freymann) 302–303, 305, 308, 316, 318, 321, 327

, (Fréchet, Maurice) 36, 43–44, 48, 50, 51, 53, 54, 59, 60, 321

(Fujiwara) 194

(Fourier) 36, 71, 72, 129, 135, 152, 163, 173, 175, 186

, . (Huntington, Edward V.) 45–47

, . . (Hardy, G. H.) 14–17, 19, 36, 50, 109, 111, 119, 126, 148, 152, 175–176, 202

, (Heaviside, Oliver) 72–73, 88, 253

(Heilbronn) 131

142

, . . . (Haldane, J. . .) 155–158, 196, 197, 199, 301–302, 320

(Hiong) 181, 183

, (Hopf, Eberhard) 138, 139, 199, 200–201, 203, 233–234

, (Hu, Lottie) 210

, (Juárez, Benito) 268, 273

, (Hahn, Paul) 280

, (Child, Francis) 39

(Chandrasekharan) 335

(Chao) 192–193

(Charcot) 10, 204

, (Chafetz, Morris) 7

, (Schwartz, Laurent) 304–305, 322

(Shakespeare) 347

, (Channon, Claude) 173–174, 251–252, 302, 311

, (Schmidt, Robert) 115, 116, 118

(Schröder) 48

, (Schrödinger, Erwin) 104, 120

, (Schuster, Arthur) 72

(Eddington) 95, 96

(Eisenhart) 61

, (Aiken, Howard) 254, 286–287

(Einstein) 14, 18, 33, 47, 99, 170, 202, 270, 290–291, 348

(El Greco) 273

(Erdös) 215

(Hermite) 190

(rr) 269

(Young) 148

, (Urey, Harold) 282

(Jakobsen) 117

Hosted by uCoz